People tend to behave in ways that they believe other people approve of, and avoid those behaviors they think others disapprove of.  This normative social influence is based on the fundamental human need to be liked and accepted by others. Furthermore, people’s behavior can also be shaped by informational social influence.[1]   Transnational law… Read More


International water allocation disputes have been a constant in the universe of international disputes, as is demonstrated by the suite of disputes selected herein.  Today, the issues that led to these disputes and other environmental and natural resources threats, are more problematic than they were in the past, as a consequence of the persistent expansion… Read More


(1) The recently outed lead (Pb) contaminated water “find”/”event” in Michigan; the previously – and generally forgotten (2) Toledo Water crisis – An algal toxin in Lake Erie contaminated the drinking water used by Toledo and many of its suburbs in August, 2014. It prompted a “do not drink” advisory for parts of three days and fueled… Read More


Brazil drought: water rationing alone won’t save Sao Paulo     Every inhabited continent, to varying degrees, has areas where there is extremely high water stress. These are areas where more than 80% of the local water supply is withdrawn by businesses, farmers, residents and other consumers every year. These so-called stressed areas are also… Read More


A recent World Resources Institute (WRI) study finds that water supplies across the Middle East will deteriorate over 25 years, threatening economic growth and national security and forcing more people to move to already overcrowded cities.  (http://www.wri.org/blog/2015/08/ranking-world%E2%80% 99s-most-water-stressed-countries-2040) The region, is home to over 350 million people, is beginning to recover from a series of… Read More


See e.g., Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc., ___ U.S. ___, 133 S.Ct. 2107, 186 L.Ed.2d 124 (2013). (Scalia J. dissenting). (“I join the judgment of the Court, and all of its opinion except Part I–A and some portions of the rest of the opinion going into fine details of molecular biology. I… Read More


  The present entry addresses the issue of the sharing or allocation of transboundary water in today’s drought-filled climate impacted era. It is premised on a simple and irrefutable truth: essentially, the leaders of most of the States of the Union and nation-states have failed to put to use that which they learned or should… Read More


  The issue of the sharing or allocation of transboundary water in today’s drought-filled climate impacted era, is a critical one.  It is premised on a simple and irrefutable truth: essentially, the leaders of most of the States of the Union and nation-states have failed to put to use that which they learned or should… Read More