People tend to behave in ways that they believe other people approve of, and avoid those behaviors they think others disapprove of.  This normative social influence is based on the fundamental human need to be liked and accepted by others. Furthermore, people’s behavior can also be shaped by informational social influence.[1]   Transnational law… Read More


International water allocation disputes have been a constant in the universe of international disputes, as is demonstrated by the suite of disputes selected herein.  Today, the issues that led to these disputes and other environmental and natural resources threats, are more problematic than they were in the past, as a consequence of the persistent expansion… Read More


(1) The recently outed lead (Pb) contaminated water “find”/”event” in Michigan; the previously – and generally forgotten (2) Toledo Water crisis – An algal toxin in Lake Erie contaminated the drinking water used by Toledo and many of its suburbs in August, 2014. It prompted a “do not drink” advisory for parts of three days and fueled… Read More


Brazil drought: water rationing alone won’t save Sao Paulo     Every inhabited continent, to varying degrees, has areas where there is extremely high water stress. These are areas where more than 80% of the local water supply is withdrawn by businesses, farmers, residents and other consumers every year. These so-called stressed areas are also… Read More


A recent World Resources Institute (WRI) study finds that water supplies across the Middle East will deteriorate over 25 years, threatening economic growth and national security and forcing more people to move to already overcrowded cities.  (http://www.wri.org/blog/2015/08/ranking-world%E2%80% 99s-most-water-stressed-countries-2040) The region, is home to over 350 million people, is beginning to recover from a series of… Read More